NGOs have primarily used livelihoods to refer to biological life and the way in which individuals or social groups develop means to sustain life in contexts of displacement through access to both employment and services. Nonetheless, NGOs’ approaches have nuanced this understanding of livelihoods, which has become a self-standing professional sector, although cutting across humanitarian protection, shelter, labor, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (these three latter often referred to as WASH). The increased importance of livelihoods in the humanitarian sector has paved the way to a common, transnational–but mostly technical–understanding of the term. [BRILL]
ANE in partnership with UNHCR,Plan International,Up with Africa, GLRA, Turkey Diyanet Foundation and KIMSE YOK MU reached more than 70,000 Beneficieries from Oromia and Benishangul-Gumuz region,Ethiopia by Distribution of breeding sheep and goat,Provision of animal fodder,Provision of supplementary food and Diesel grinding mill provision.
FACTS ON THE SECTOR
Distribution of breeding sheeps & goats
In 2013, ANE’s effort to alleviate particularly the sufferings of Refugees residing in Dillo and Megado camps had gone further to the extent of helping them to improve the protein deficiency by distributing live sheep and goats for all 673 Refugees. Between 2013 and 2014 alone, ANE furthermore distributed more than 3000 sheep and goats for 2100 Refugee and Host Community Households subsequent to the funding support provided TIKA / Turkiye Diyanet Foundation .
In 2015 ANE distributed 1,495 shoats (sheep/goats) for 700 Refugee households in Dillo and Megado camps with the support obtained from Turkiye Diyanet Foundation.
As part of its humanitarian program strategy also expanded to cover development interventions, ANE’s effort to alleviate the sufferings of Kenyan Borena Refugees in Dillo and Megado Refugee Camp, Oromia Regional State had gone further to the extent of helping them to improve the livelihood of the refugees by distributing more than 5000 breeding sheep and goats for 673 Refugee Household Beneficiaries jointly selected with both RRS and UNHCR between 2015 and 2018. In order to ensure the sustainability of this project to gain more benefit for refugees, ANE provided technical assistance and capacity building, including deployment of veterinaries to inspect the health condition of the distributed sheep and goats, for the selected refugee household beneficiaries.
Provision of supplementary food
With the funding supports secured from Omani based organization called Upstream Investment, a one month food ration was distributed for 673 Refugee Households in Dillo and Megado Refugee Camps, Oromia Regiaonl State during the 2014 budget year. The food ration package was consisting of 110 Quintals of Rice and 10 Quintals of sugar.
In June 2015, total of 5.25 tons of Wheat Flour, 1.575 tons of Beans and 0.35 tons of Edible Oil were provided by ANE for 700 Refugee Households in Dillo and Megado Refugee Camps with the view to cover a one month distribution period. Through the funding provided, this ANE’s critical humanitarian program was significantly assisted by KIMSE YOK MU Africa Regional Office, a Humanitarian Organization based in Turkey.
As the financial support provided by Rainbow Charitable Association (RCA) in 2016 budget year, ANE facilitated the distribution of food items to support 600 drought affected Households in Iteya and Digula-Ticho Woredas of Arsi Administrative Zone, Oromia Regional State. The food items and the distribution modality included 5Kg wheat Flour, 3Kg Rice, 3Kg Macaroni, 2Kg Sugar, 2Kg Beans, one litter Edible Oil and 2pices of Soap per each beneficiary.
In the partnership made with Turkiye Diyanet Foundation in 2016, ANE distributed one month supplementary food ration consisting of 45.1 Quintals of Wheat Flour, 45.1 Quintals of Rice, 22.55 Quintals of Lentil and 2,255 liters of Edible Oil for most identified 673 Refugee Household in Dillo and Megado Refugee Camps, Oromia Regional State . The ration size distributed per each beneficiary Household was inclusion of 6.7kgs of Wheat Flour, 6.7kgs of Rice, 3.35kgs of Lentil and 3.35 liters of Edible Oil.
In 2017, ANE covered its own budget allocation served to provide total of 74.1 Quintals of Wheat Flour, 74.1 Quintals of Rice and 23 Quintals of Sugar for the most vulnerable refugee households located in Dillo and Megado Refugee Camps, Oromia Regional State.
As part of the social responsibility support made to the government, ANE was successfully managed the rapid mobilization of its internal resources and then after undertaken the distribution emergency food packages for most vulnerable households in Negelle-Borena town and its surrounding areas. This food assistance program which aimed at mitigating the impact of COVID-19 was conducted twice in both 2021 and 2022 budget years and was fully funded by ANE.
Provision of Animal Fodder
In partnership with RRS and UNHCR, ANE was able to assist drought affected Kenyan Borena Refugees and members of host community residing in both Dillo and Megado Refugee Camps, Oromia Regional State by providing animal fodder in 2017 budget year.
The total amount of animal fodder distributed to the refugee and surrounding host communities was 300 bales out of which 200 bales were distributed to the members of refugee community and whereas 100 bales for members of host community.
Diesel grinding mill provision
In 2017, ANE in collaboration with RRS and UNHCR, provided one Grinding Mill Facility as to support the livelihood options of selected Kenyan Borena refugees in Megado Refugee Camp, Oromia Regional States.